It's not hard to see
a good waste system is simply separating out the different
materials and having dedicated disposal routes for each type. The
goal should be to make recycling so easy and automatic that it
blends into the flow of everyday life, achieving a massive
reduction in waste materials that are just thrown away.
of organics Once you have
achieved 100% removal of all organic matter from your rubbish bin,
you no longer have rubbish, you have a mixture of lots of
different materials varying in value. A good start is to avoid
mixing organics, in this case food waste, with other items in the
first place. So all compostable food waste collect in a kitchen
bucket awaiting to be composted. Anything that has contained food
needs to be washed out, glass jars, food bottles, beer bottles,
plastic milk containers, plastic drinks bottles, food cans and
cans, anything having been in contact
with food must be cleaned. Store the recyclables outside, youíll
find they no longer smell like rubbish, making them more pleasant
to handle. Now we can start thinking of them as a valuable
storage and disposal UK. Little
picture. Glass 7.5% of
your waste. Big picture. Over 2 million tonnes produced annually, with
a 22% national recycling rate. After
use wash bottles and jars, using old washing up water, theirs no
need to soak paper labels off as the recycling process uses
temperatures that deal with the labels. Dispose at your local
Bottle Bank recycling point.
storage and disposal UK. little picture. Plastics make up 10% of your waste. The Big picture. Over 3.5 million tonnes produced annually
2.5 million tonnes becomes waste, national recycling rate 5%.
The first task is to familiarize
yourself with the many difference plastic compositions commonly in
use today. The three main plastics of interest are labeled 01, 02
and 04, inside recycle triangles. 01 is PET and commonly used
for fizzy drinks containers like, Coke Pepsi & lemonade. 02 is HDPE
as used in milk containers and some
containers like shampoos and 04 is LPDE the commonly used
plastic bag. After use wash out each container, using old washing up
water, and reduce by cutting in half this will enable effective
storage until disposal by local recycling collection or delivery to
a recycling collection point. Remove container lids (often made from
different compounds) spray pumps, bottles that contained petroleum
based products (e.g., motor oil), pesticides or herbicides.General rule no plastics without a
neck or screw-on lid.
storage and disposal UK. little picture. Steel and aluminum cans make up 8% of
your waste. The Big picture. An estimated 5 billion aluminum cans
produced annually, with 36% national recycling rate. No. Soil is
the foremost layer of the earth, and is composed of various
proportions of sand, silt, clay, and small amounts of organic
material. Rich soil containing compost typically outperforms other
soil types. 4000 tonnes of aluminum foil is used
10% nationally recycled and 11 billion steel cans produced
annually, with 16% nationally recycled. After use wash out cans
and tins, using old washing up water, reduce with a can crusher or
by crushing under foot. Aerosol cans must be empty, do not crush
aerosol cans. Test cans magnetically to separate steel from aluminum,
add washed and folded aluminum foil and food trays to the aluminum
cans. Store until disposal by local
collection or delivery to a recycling collection point. No need to
remove paper labels from the steel food cans as the recycling
process uses temperatures that deal with the labels. Scrap metals,
remove any rubber, plastic or other foreign materials. Keep to
items by weight, large items need to be disposed off at your local
recycling center, try and separate metals by their types ie:
Brass, Copper, Steel and Aluminum.
storage and disposal
UK. little picture.
Paper and cardboard makes up 38% of your household waste. The Big picture. Over 6 million tonnes produced annually,
with reclaimed paper fibre representing 65% paper and board
produce in the UK.
Lets divide the paper and
cardboard into separate categories.
Plain paper (without a gloss coloured finish) plain A4
office paper, writing paper, envelopes.
Depending on quantity store majority of paper separate from
cardboard until disposal at your local recycling collection point.
Can be shredded for composting or pre-soaked and used in a
wormery. Remember to remove any plastics such as envelope windows
and self-adhesive strips.
paper (paper with gloss coloured finish) junk mail,
leaflets and magazines separate from the cardboard and
dispose of at your local recycling collection
on quantity store majority of newspapers separate from the
cardboard until disposal at your local recycling collection point.
An abundant source and excellent recycling collection point. Can
for composting or pre-soaked and used in a wormery. Remember to
remove any plastics such as envelope windows and self-adhesive
strips. carbon rich material
shredded or pre-soaked for composting and used in the wormery.
Shredded its an ideal material for worm bedding Can be used for a
can-o-worms moisture mat, just open out a newspaper, cut to fit,
soak and place over food scraps to exclude light and encourage
worms to feed at the surface. jjjjjjj
cardboard boxes Flatten to reduce size, store and feed into the
well established recycling industry by local collection or
delivery to a recycling collection
cardboard (non coloured) egg cartons, paper tissue rolls,
pizza boxes and general packing. An ideal material for wormery and
compost bin providing the carbon rich feed
urban environment. Excessive amounts are best recycled.
(cardboard with a coloured exterior) food cartons, cereal boxes.
If contaminated with organic matter, shred and compost. Multi-layered
normally food cartons with
water- proof layer, milk cartons, Cardboard mixed with other
materials are non-recyclable and need to be disposed of in the
normal waste bin, cut up to reduce.
Compost scrap wood ensuring only well aged soft wood, like old
pine, enters the compost pile. It must be completely chipped. An
extremely rich carbon source, mix well with high
materials and keep moist . Avoid new treated woods they contain
some very nasty compounds. Should be used as a bulking agent to
enable ventilation through the pile and then removed by sieving.
No. Soil is the foremost layer of the earth, and is composed of
sand, silt, clay, and small amounts of organic material. Rich soil
containing compost typically outperforms other soil types.
scraps and vegetable peelings Very
important compost and wormery ingredients.
Take a look at
this useful tool
common items found in a
typical rubbish bin have been covered, information is given as a
quick guide only.
Tips 1. Process
waste you make it, donít allow it to accumulate and become a
problem. 2. Store
collected recyclables for a month to minimizing trips to your
local recycling point. Try to include your recycled materials
disposal with other journeys like shopping. 3. Have
plenty of extra containers and bins available. 4. Start
by keeping organics away from all other materials, this will
mean starting your composting first. 5. If
using a single composting bin, during winter when the composting
process naturally slows down, use your composter to store
kitchen organic waste mixed with shredded cardboard. Start
collecting and preparing the brown material while its more
abundant, storing and keeping it dry. When wormer months arrive
and the green composting material flourishes make your perfect
mix and start a new hot batch. 6. Use
your household wastewater wisely. Washing out used cans, plastic
and glass containers in dirty washing up or bath water. 7. Separate
and store materials by type ie; Organics, Metal, Paper, Glass
and Plastics. Then subdivide into their relevant smaller
sections ready for disposal. 8.
Unwanted furniture can be passed on to community groups and low
income families via a network of household furniture projects,
most of these are small scale local projects, traceable through
your local authority. 9. To
reduce the space, stored plastic materials occupy, cut a plastic
container to form an open top container and store cut up strips
of plastic inside. Remember to store plastic by its compound
type. 10. Check
your disposal routes before you begin. 11. Think
before you place any item in the waste bin. 12. Old
clothes/shoes in good condition should be taken to your nearest
high street charity shop such as Oxfam and Age concern etc, your
unwanted clothing will help the homeless or be sent abroad. Even
damaged un-wearable items can be returned, as charities have
profitable disposal routes for these, if youíre too
embarrassed then use the clothing banks at the recycling centre
ensuring to tie the shoes in pairs. 13.
Think before you purchase any items, sensible buying
can reduce the amount or type of packaging brought into your
household, thereby reducing the amount of waste from the
starting point; ie buy carbonated drinks in easy to crush, store
and recycle aluminum cans and not the widely used P.E.T. plastic
containers, as these are awkward to store and have virtually no
residual value to encourage recycling.